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Welwyn Garden City


The Architect & Building News, August 1939

Article:
Welwyn Stores

Architect:
Louis de Soissons, F.R.I.B.A.

Published: 25th August 1939

Format: Magazine 12" by 8½" *

* I do not have the whole magazine in which this article appeared —
only the pages containing the article which covered 5 sides.

Pages 3 and 4 of the article contain floor plans with very fine print, only readable in the magazine with very good close vision or with the aid of a magnifying glass. In order to render this fine print readable on the screen, I have had to scan at 300 dpi (rather than my usual 150 dpi) and save the image at the the highest quality. This has resulted in large files (over 4 MB) for pages 3 and 4 enlargements. Patience will be rewarded to those interested in the earliest planned layout of departments within the newly built Stores.

The contents of the 5-page article are:
 

Page 1 Photograph of main entrance north-facing portico. Infomation on PLANNING.
 
Page 2 Photograph of north-west corner of the building. Information on CONSTRUCTION.
Photograph of north-east corner of the building.
 
Page 3 First floor plan. Information on STEEL FRAME. Ground floor plan.
 
Page 4 Photograph of the staircase from the ground to the first floor. Second floor plan.
 
Page 5 Photograph of a view on the first floor. Photograph of the restaurant foyer.
Photograph of the restaurant. SUB-CONTRACTORS AND SUPPLIERS list.

 
     
 

WELWYN STORES
 
ARCHITECT: LOUIS DE SOISSONS, F.R.I.B.A.

 
     
 

Page 1 of article (p. 211 of journal)

 
   
 

(Click image to enlarge)

 
     
 

PLANNING — The selling area in the new Welwyn store is on two floors — 58,000 square feet on the ground floor and 22,000 square feet on the first floor — and in over eighty departments. ln addition, on the first floor there is a restaurant to accommodate between 300 and 400 people, with two open-air balconies. A free car park is provided for 400 cars.

The second and third floors consist of sixty-two self-contained modern flats, and on the roof are two glass-covered badminton courts, two squash-racket courts and a club lounge and billiards saloon. Provision has also been made for a Masonic Temple and a banqueting hall.

 

At the south end of the building is a dairy with modern pasteurizing and bottling plant.

The basement, occupying about one-third of the area of the site, houses modern refrigerating plant, freezing rooms and cool rooms for meat and provisions, with lifts to the various departments. A conveyor system links all departments to the dispatch room.

The building has a frontage to Bridge Street of 400 feet and extends along Parkway for 300 feet. The main entrance is in Bridge Street, facing the Campus, a large semi-circular open space recently laid out as part of the central gardens.

 
     

 

     
 

Page 2 of article (p. 212 of journal)

 
   
 

(Click image to enlarge)

 
     
 

CONSTRUCTION — The building is steel-framed, with a facing of local multi-coloured sand-faced bricks. Dressings are artificial Portland stone. The windows are wood double hung sashes and casements, with wrought iron balconies accentuating certain points of the façade. The roof is of red sand-faced interlocking pantiles. The shop fronts are surmounted by a painted wooden fascia and cornice, incorporated in which is a line of neon lights all round the building. COST — The cost of the building was about £250,000.

 
     

 

     
 

Page 3 of article (p. 213 of journal)

 
   
 

(Click image to enlarge — LARGE FILEover 4 MB)

 
     
 

STEEL FRAME — The stanchions in the shopping portion are necessarily spaced widely apart, and preliminary investigations of the framing revealed that the most economical scheme would consist of continuous main steel beams with long span hollow tile floors, spanning directly on them without any secondary beams. This method of framing held a further advantage in that the depths of the main beams could be materially reduced, giving increased headroom without loss of economy. Special stanchion sections were devised to allow the main beams to run through them.

 
     

 

     
 

Page 4 of article (p. 214 of journal)

 
   
 

(Click image to enlarge — LARGE FILEover 4 MB)

 
     

 

     
 

Page 5 of article (p. 215 of journal)

 
   
 

(Click image to enlarge)

 
     
 

SUB-CONTRACTORS AND SUPPLIERS
 

 
 
GENERAL CONTRACTORS
   Welwyn Builders, Ltd.
STEELWORK
   Dawnay's , Ltd.
FACING BRICKS
   Herts Gravel and Brickworks, Ltd.
ROOF TILING
   Langley, London, Ltd.
PANTILES
   Langley, London, Ltd.
FLAT ROOFING
   Frazzi, Ltd.
RECONSTRUCTED STONE
   Girlings' Ferro-Concrete Co., Ltd.
REINFORCED GUTTER COVERS
   The Liverpool Artificial Stone Co., Ltd.
ROOF LIGHTS
   J. A. King & Co., Ltd.
GLAZING
   J. B. Robinson
LIFTS
   Evans Lifts, Ltd.
CONVEYORS
   W.& C. Pantin, Ltd.
SPRINKLERS
   Mather & Platt, Ltd.
ROLLER SHUTTERS
   Milner's Safe Co., Ltd.
ROLLING GRILLE
   Haskins, Ltd.
HEATING AND VENTILATING
   James Combe & Son, Ltd.
LOUVRE BLADES
   G. A. Harvey & Co. (London), Ltd.
ELECTRICAL WORK
   Welwyn Garden City Electricity Supply Co., Ltd.
ELECTRIC SIGNS AND FITTINGS
   General Electric Co., Ltd.
   Claude-General Neon Lights, Ltd.
   Paul Guieu, Ltd.
   Troughton & Young, Ltd.
   Tudor Art Metal Co., Ltd.

ELECTRIC CLOCKS
   Synchronome Co., Ltd.
GAS SUPPLY
   Watford and St. Albans Gas Co.
PLUMBING
   Matthew Hall &Co., Ltd.
PLASTERING
   Ernest Hawkins, Ltd.
INSULATION OF BOILER HOUSE
   Cork Insulation and Asbestos Co., Ltd.
METALWORK
   William Pickford, Ltd.
   Crompton Roberts

FLOORS
   Attoc Blocks, Ltd.
FLOORING AND TERRAZZO
   Jos, F. Ebner, Ltd.
WALL TILING
   Parkinsons (Wall Tiling), Ltd.
SHOP FITTINGS
   Courtney Pope & Co., Ltd.
HAIRDRESSING FITTINGS
   Henry Serventi, Ltd.
DAIRY PLANT
   Dairy Supply Co.
REFRIGERATION
   The Lightfoot Refrigeration Co., Ltd.
BURGLAR RESISTING FITTINGS
   Hobbs, Hart & Co., Ltd.
SQUASH COURT EQUIPMENT
   Bickley Co., Ltd.
FOUNDATION STONE AND LETTERING
   Eric Munday
FLAGSTAFFS
   J. W. Gray & Son, Ltd.
FURNITURE
   Finmar, Ltd.
   Grovewood Co.
   W. Lusty & Sons, Ltd.
   Gordon Russell, Ltd.
   Thonet Bros., Ltd.
   Frederick Tibbenham, Ltd.

CARPETS
   Wilton Royal Carpet Co., Ltd.
CURTAINS
   Percy Bass, Ltd.
   Welwyn Stores, Ltd.